Gikan sa labing mangitngit nga mga nasikohan sa kasaysayan sa Gaming, dinhi mao ang mga magpapana, platformers ug gibunalan-'em-ups nga wala binilanggo
Kini nga artikulo nga giulohan og “Ang 25 pinakalisud dula sa video sa tanang panahon” gisulat sa Rich Stanton ug ang Kabubut-on Banat, alang sa theguardian.com sa Biyernes ika-18 sa Marso 2016 09.33 UTC
Games nga gigamit nga mahimong mas lisud. Mao kana ang pagbakho beteranong players karon managyagubyub sa matag higayon nga nakasugat sa pipila modernong shoot-'em-o aksyon adventure. Kini paminawon nga sama sa sa mao gihapon nga matang sa nostalgic elitism nga musika snobs nagpatuyang sa, pagpanaway kasamtangan nga mga pundok alang sa kulang sa legendary nga kalidad sa mga bayani kagahapon. Apan uban sa mga dula, kini nga matang sa tinuod nga.
Ingon nga ang industriya nga mitubo, sa dagkong mga titulo nga mibalhin ngadto sa toning sa kalisud, aron sa paghatag sa usa ka mahinlo nga kasinatian ngadto sa ingon nga halapad usa ka-laing mga players kutob sa mahimo. Karong panahona, kon gusto sa usa ka tinuod nga hagit, ikaw sa pagpili "lisud" mode, nga sa kasagaran lang nagpasabot sa dugang nga mga kaaway ug dili kaayo bala. Apan kalisud mao ang sa iyang labing maayo nga sa diha nga kini usa ka hinungdanong bahin sa disenyo: players nga adunay sa paghunahuna mahitungod sa mga duwa sa laing paagi - ug maangkon ang ilang pag-uswag.
Nga mao ang sa pagkatinuod ang tinuod nga alang sa mga titulo sa listahan. Sila dili sa tanan nga mga classics, apan bisan pa ang sa yano dili makiangayon nga mga adunay dili makalimtan nga mga hiyas nga nagbuhat kanato molahutay. Mao kana ang butang uban sa kalisud: kini lamang gayod ang kasakit sa diha nga kamo gusto sa pagtan-aw unsa ang sunod nga.
Kalag / Dark mga Kalag sa Demonyo (Fromsoft, 2009/2011)
Sa diha nga ni Fromsoft Hidetaka Miyazaki sa sa sa rethink sa aksyon RPG genre, ang usa sa mga bag-o nga mga patukoranan nga seryoso nga hagit. Sa iyang panghunahuna nga: sa unsa nga paagi ang usa ka player nga mobati kalampusan nga walay pagbuntog sa tinuod nga kalisdanan? Sa kini nga mga dula, bisan ang labing nag-unang mga kaaway sa pagpatay players pag-usab ug pag-usab, mao nga ang mensahe screen "kamo nangamatay" ang napatik diha sa utok. Ang bugtong paglipay mao nga ang kamatayon mao ang usa ka staple nga bahin sa kon sa unsang paagi kini nga mga kalibutan sa trabaho. Sa laing duwa, namatay mao ang kapakyasan, apan dinhi mamatay mao ang paagi nga kamo makakat-on, sa unsa nga paagi kamo og mas maayo. sa Kalag, ang kamatayon mao ang bahin lamang sa panaw.
Mga kalag 'n maligno (Capcom, 1985)
ni Capcom kiliran-scrolling platformer gigamit sa walay katapusan-karon nga hulga sa kamatayon ngadto sa paghimo sa usa ka talagsaong grabe adventure. Usa ka hit pagmobu, pagminus protagonist knight Arthur sa iyang kasingkasing-patterned boksidor, ug ang ikaduha makapatay. Unpredictable kaaway mangitlog bisan asa, gahum-ups mahimong lit-ag, ug kadaghanan sa mga players dili gayud makakita sa milabay nga sa unang yugto. Kadtong sa pagkab-ot sa katapusan nga sa bisan sila na napakyas sa pagdala sa balaan nga krus, nga sa ato replaying sa katapusan nga duha ka mga ang-ang, o nga sa pagdala niini sila na nahulog alang sa "usa ka lit-ag gimugna ni Satanas", ug adunay sa pagbuhat sa bug-os nga butang sa ibabaw sa pag-usab. Sa usa ka bisan pa sa mas taas nga kahimtang sa kalisud. Capcom, kamo bilyakong.
Ninja Gaiden II (Tecmo Koei, 2008)
Challenge kanunay bahin sa sunod-sunod nga Ninja Gaiden, apan 2008Ni Ninja Gaiden II naigo sa usa ka bag-o nga peak sa nangayo pagkabuang. Kini nga mga kaaway bagis apan mosangpot-balay sa player sa bisan "normal" kalisud apan, sa higayon nga ang kahimtang mao ang sa Magtutudlo Ninja, atake sa sila walay hunong sa bangis nga panglawas-usap maangkon ug igpalantig. Sa ulahi nga lebel, mga kaaway nga adunay mga kanyon sa mga bukton nga sa kalayo sa dili masayop nga tukma ug regular. Kini imposible nga mabuhi sa mga panahon, nevermind sa pagpatay sa bisan unsa. Natural lang, the internet means someone has done the whole thing in four hours without being hit once.
God Hand (Capcom, 2006)
God Hand’s commercial failure means many of the best ideas are yet to be stolen, one being the on-screen difficulty meter that responds to a player’s skill. There are four gradations, from level one to level DIE, and if you’re getting smacked around it stays low. Once you get good at this (already tough) game however, it amps up how enemies attack, where they’ll attack from, how much damage they do, and increases the rewards for defeating them. Few games make the demands that God Hand does, and none tie difficulty and performance together with such elegance.
UFO: Enemy Unknown (Mythos Games, 1994)
This is where the XCOM series began, a deep strategy game with an unforgiving attitude towards lax play. The designer, Julian Gollop, had made many great turn-based titles in 2D but XCOM’s isometric perspective and implementation of fog-of-war added a terrifying strategic dimension – so many soldiers lost to a dark corner you never checked. The aliens exploit mistakes, cut down your soldiers ruthlessly, and back at base force you into hard choices in the desperate scramble to keep humanity safe. If this is anything to go by, we’re screwed.
Fade to Black (Delphine Software, 1995)
Flashback’s sequel was an early attempt to bring a successful 2D design into 3D – and underestimated just how important precision controls are. Though a forward-thinking third-person design in some respects, Fade to Black was undone by many enemies that could kill in a single hit – one terrifying example being a tiny hard-to-target blob that flips towards the player character before dissolving all their flesh on contact. The lavish cutscenes created by the developer for each possible death make you wonder whether the tail was wagging the dog.
NARC (Williams Electronics, 1988)
Perhaps Eugene Jarvis is better represented by Robotron 2084, an impossible challenge and a much better game, but that low-fi sci-fi shooter lacks NARC’s crude impact. A two-player arcade game starring Max Force and Hit Man, out to take down Mr Big, NARC was one of the first games to truly glory in gibs and ultraviolence – the various junkies, punks and thugs explode into gory gobbets as the guns of justice blaze. Jarvis’s games are always difficult but, with NARC,they reached a whole new level of cruel theatre.
Smash T.V. (Williams Electronics, 1990)
Smash T.V. is an arcade classic and exemplifies a school of design that’s now largely dead: to make people desperate to see the next screen. The setup is perfect, a future gameshow where contestants move through rooms filled with death-dealing nasties and gain more prizes the longer they stay alive. Even the first room won’t hesitate to kill unwary players and, from then on, the gloves come off as Jarvis (again) and co-designer Mark Turmell squeeze as much colour, shrapnel, and explosive ordnance on-screen as possible. “Total carnage,” shouts the announcer. “IIIIIII love it!"
The Simpsons (Konami, 1991)
There could be any number of arcade beat-em-ups in this spot – TMNT, X-Men, even Final Fight – but in terms of efficiently guzzling coins through gorgeous presentation and artificial difficulty, it’s hard to top The Simpsons arcade game. The visuals, animations, enemies and scenarios are exceptional and clearly a labour of love (unlike the script) but the game beneath them is a brutal slugfest that especially enjoys stunlocking players – where one hit leads to many more.
Takeshi’s Challenge (Taito Corporation, 1986)
Originally planned as an 8bit version of his TV show Takeshi’s Castle, Japanese actor and director Takeshi Kitano instead got hands-on with Takeshi no Chōsenjō and created a game unlike any other – one whose packaging warned that “conventional gaming skills do not apply”. Loosely following a salaryman who dreams of finding treasure, Takeshi’s Challenge serves up a Game Over for innocuous “mistakes” like not quitting the character’s job, failing to divorce his wife, or not hitting the right people. You can get a Game Over on the password screen. Another challenge requires you leave the controller untouched for an hour. All games are arbitrary: only Takeshi’s Challenge glorifies in the fact.
Rogue (Michael Toy / Glenn Wichman, 1980)
So original it spawned a genre, Rogue is a procedurally generated dungeon crawler where the difficulty – in the sense of what it chooses to throw at you – is a huge part of the appeal. Not only will each fresh adventure bring new environmental challenges and fights, but potions and weapons are random too – meaning just taking a glug is dicing with death. Players have to be adaptive rather than memorising specific challenges, and eking out a long adventure when the odds are stacked against you becomes part of the fun.
Dwarf Fortress (Bay 12 Games, 2006)
The motto of this game’s community says it all: “losing is fun!” Dwarf Fortress is a game that has inspired whole prose epics on the travails of players’ ill-fated settlements, most of which start off meagre and then quickly fall prey to the thousands of things that can go wrong. mga lobo, cave-ins, famine, cabin-fever, flooding, burrowing down to a demon god … Failure is inevitable, and not only do your dwarves go mad in adversity – they often create works of art to reflect what’s happened. There are plenty of tough games, but generating psychological scars for fictional characters suggests Dwarf Fortress is something special.
The Adventure of Little Ralph (New Corporation, 1999)
Doomed to curio status by a modest Japan-only release, The Adventure of Little Ralph plays like it was forged in the fires of arcade game design, but it is in fact exclusive to the original PlayStation and PSN. Scoring focused, hard as hell and shrouded in cult mystique, the traditional platformer today courts three-figure sums on the collector market, further denying it the broad audience it deserves. It’s “saving the damsel in distress” narrative may be hackneyed, but fiercely demanding boss fights that reinvent TAoLR as a beat-‘em-up serve to make it mechanically distinct, and cement its reputation as one of the most testing platformers yet developed.
The Bizarre Adventures of Woodruff and the Schnibble (Coktel Vision)
Difficulty in games is often a matter of testing the player’s ability to control with precision and react at speed. Coktel Vision’s narratively dark adventure game, Apan, is instead a test of semiotic nous. Its post-apocalyptic tale is told with an abundance of made up words, many of which pass without definition, while its knack for conversation without context make it thoroughly confusing. Even Clockwork Orange had a glossary. And if you’re tempted to use trial and error to crack its puzzles, be warned that the sheer number of inventory items and illogical quirks make it a protracted, painstaking process.
Mushihimesama (Cave, 2004)
If any game genre is most synonymous with difficulty, it is the arcade 2D shoot-‘em-up, known today as the shmup. And it is developer Cave that pushes devotees of the form like no other. Which Cave game is the hardest is highly subjective, but in terms of undiluted difficulty, the insect-themed Mushihimesama’s infamous Ultra mode might take it. There’s less of the mechanical intricacy that makes other releases by the studio perhaps as demanding, but through the sheer number of bullets that fill the screen, Mushi Ultra delivers an onslaught that is as bewildering to watch as it is demeaning to play.
In The Groove (Roxor, 2004)
Any arcade music game has the capacity for towering difficulty. Take on some high-BPM electronica on a demanding difficulty setting, and whether you’re pounding your feet on a Dance Dance Revolution machine or standing over the decks of an oddity like EZ2DJ, the challenge will be immense. Few compare, Apan, to the standard set by the Single modes of In The Groove, the debut of a short-lived series from Austin-based studio Roxor. Some of the tracks, when played on the game’s X setting, seem to want movement from the player’s body that is in no way catered for by human evolution.
Super Meat Boy (Team Meat, 2010)
If there’s a single moment that defines the experience of playing Super Meat Boy, it is quickly prodding the quick restart button. The platformer’s undersized stages brim with hazards, yet encourage you to play at furious speed. Ingon sa usa ka resulta, it’s a game of failing over and over again. Apan, by allowing for split-second restarts, there’s almost no drop in momentum as you ride the loop of trying and dying. Sa ingon, Super Meat Boy works its players into a frenzied trance state from which it can take hours to recover.
Trials Fusion (RedLynx, 2014)
For a good while, this side-scrolling motorcycling game feels like a meditative experience – and then the difficulty curve suddenly shoots straight for the heavens. It is then that the game reveals its true form; a nightmarish physics puzzler dressed as a driving game. Just how do you get over that vertical wall? How many degrees of rotation are needed to land on that upside-down ramp? The answer is intimacy with every nuance of a bike’s suspension and weight; an intimacy a handful of players globally are reported to have mastered enough to have aced the game’s closing stages.
Battle Garegga (8ing/Raizing, 1996)
At a glance, Battle Garegga appears to sport a difficulty comparable to your usual 2D shooter: intensely tough, but nothing absurdly so. Apan, it is the way the game makes you play that pushes it into the “hardest ever” field. Battle Garegga has remarkably complex rank, nga mao ang, difficulty, that adapts to the way you play. Managing rank to keep the game playable means avoiding some power ups and bonuses, and even “suiciding”, where lives are lost on purpose. Playing properly means playing on the edge, life stocks low and weapon power reserved, and it’s acutely exciting. The current world-record holder Kamui has held and bettered her leaderboard position through an estimated 18 years of devoted play, demonstrating the commitment Garegga demands.
Rick Dangerous (Core Design, 1989)
Core’s homage to Indiana Jones is a platformer played a few pixels at a time, edging forward to see what will kill you next. There are spikes, pits and boulders at every turn, and learning by failing is almost the only way to proceed. Your inventory is severely limited too, and there’s some tremendously demanding precision needed in a handful of particularly cruel and frustrating sections. Years later, Core would go on to craft another tomb raiding game, by which time the studio had apparently learned how to treat its fans a little more fairly.
Shadow of the Beast II (Psygnosis, 1990)
Mention the first Shadow of the Beast to the right crowd, and you’ll likely hear nostalgic musings on how its pioneering use of the parallax scrolling technique pushed game visuals into a new era. Ask about it’s sequel, and the response may be a little less rosy. The melee-focussed, multi-directional platform game would have been straight up demanding if it gave you any guidance. But it doesn’t, leaving you to work out everything for yourself. In a time before Youtube and walkthroughs, that alone was enough to make Shadow of the Beast II one of the toughest of its day.
Time Crisis (Namco, 1995)
Listing a familiar lightgun game might seem out of place on a list like this. Human sa tanan nga, anybody who’s visited a dilapidated seaside arcade has likely thrown a handful of coins into the slot of Namco’s cop blaster, and felt nothing but delight. But try and complete the first Time Crisis properly – clearing it in a single credit – and it’s difficulty begins to become manifest. The lack of a hit indicator leaves a gaping hole in your ability to respond appropriately, and some punishingly curt timed sections serve to make it particularly easy to fast track to the game over screen.
I Wanna Be the Guy: The Movie: The Game (Michael O’Reilly, 2007)
Those who played this freeware platforming treasure that never officially left beta will likely find it hard to forget. Boiling its genre down to its founding elements, I Wanna Be The Guy was developed as a response to a then unfinished, brutally demanding Japanese flash game named Jinsei Owata. O’Reilly was convinced he could push Jinsei Owata’s difficulty a little further, and it appears he succeed. Ingon sa usa ka resulta, his game has become a reference point for the most testing indie titles. Super Meat Boy featured IWBTG’s protagonist, The Kid, who also starred as the final boss of the conclusive build of Jinsei Owata.
Weaponlord (Visual Concepts, 1995)
The greatest sin of this straight-to-console beat-‘em-up was that it tried to do things differently. It approached the control conventions of arcade fighters from the left field, using a range of weird button combos and d-pad swipes, but the result was a complex system too demanding for most ordinary players and utterly counterintuitive to committed beat-‘em-up competitors. The computer-controlled characters were also rather too good at their own game, and Weaponlord was ultimately consigned to its fate as a curio most renowned for being the first fighter designed with online play in mind. If you are tempted, the MegaDrive port is a little more forgiving than its SNES cousin.
Flywrench (Messhoff, 2015)
While Nidhogg is Messhoff’s most famous game, Flywrench must be its hardest. The set-up is deceptively simple; guide an abstract spaceship through minimal mazes that look altogether innocent, changing colour as you pass. Ang kamatuoran mao ang kaayo sa lain-laing, where constantly dying and restarting is the standard. Flywrench is perhaps the most difficult game of the past year, or the past nine years, if you were one of the few who played the 2007 orihinal nga, which saw an understated online release and inspired Braid creator Jonathan Blow to craft a playfully easy version named Nicewrench.
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