Od vozača automobila jetpacks

From driverless cars to jetpacks

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukOvaj članak pod naslovom “Od vozača automobila jetpacks: ispunjavaju tech inovatora preoblikovanja tranzit” napisao je Andy Meek, za theguardian.com u subotu 14. nov 2015 14.13 UTC

Novi Zeland-based vodeći proizvod Martin Aircraft Company je nekonvencionalan leteći stroj: a jetpack that might seem like a prop from a sci-fi movie, were it not for the fact that it’s well on the road to commercialization.

U oktobru, New Zealand’s civil aviation authority cleared the company’s Prototype 12 model jetpack for manned flights. The fan-propelled jetpack, when shown in June at the Paris Air Show, could soar almost 1,000 meters and fly up to half an hour. The company’s jetpacks are expected to become commercially available sometime in the second half of 2016.

Razvoj Jetpack je jedan primjer od velike ideje i velike kladio preko poduzeća transport-fokusiran, gdje kompanije poput Martina aviona se utrkuju do sada rubova što je moguće. Živimo na ivici nekog vremena kada će automobili biti "potpuno autonoman u dugoročno", prema CEO Tesla Elon Musk. U pozivu s dioničarima električnih vozila ovog mjeseca, on je dao 15 u 20 godina.

Postoji mnogo drugih prijevoz poduzetnika sa slično maštovitim svoje planove, from spaceships that make suborbital flights u aircrafts that take off and land vertically.

The Guardian reached out to a few of these innovators to get a sense of where the future of transportation is headed. We asked how they’re addressing the inherent technical challenges and why they decided to get into this space in the first place. What we found is strong optimism for a near future where strapping on a jetpack could be as normal as getting behind the wheel.

Martin Aircraft planira lansirati svoj Jetpack u drugoj polovini naredne godine. Kompanija je dao Guardian sa ove demonstracije video.

Martin Aircraft Izvršni direktor Peter Coker zna svoj posao može Čini se da je izgrađen na fantastično neverovatna vizije.

"To je bio moj sin koji su me nagovorili da se pridruže društvo,"Rekao je Coker, uprkos izazovima. "Bili smo na odmoru, i moj sin, koji radi za butik investicijske kompanije u Londonu, s pravom ukazao: ‘Why wouldn’t you want to be involved in the biggest change in aviation in the last century?' "

In a hurry to get their jetpacks to market, 2015 has been something of a defining year for the company, which has in recent months been locking up agreements, partnerships and showing off the design to potential customers. It has expanded to 53 people across 13 nationalities and is listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange.

Describing the future of jetpacks, Coker envisions a “highway in the sky” or a “fourth dimension of transport”, gdje je prosječna osoba može brzo putuju iz jedne tačke na drugu.

"Mi smo brzo shvatili korisnost oko ovako nešto je veća nego što je to bio samo lični Jetpack,"Rekao je Coker, bivši Lockheed Martina izvršni. "Mi također vide priliku u komercijalnom sektoru - nafte i gasa, rudarstvo i poljoprivredu. "

Koncept letećeg Jetpack možda zvuči kao teško prodati za sumnjivim investitorima i možda most predaleko za potencijalnim partnerima i klijentima. But Coker says just seeing the thing can help clinch a sale. When his company shows a picture or video of the concept or presents a prototype in action, Coker says it “immediately triggers the dream I had when I was a kid”. In some ways, on kaže, getting that buy-in is the easy part.

It’s certainly less complicated than surmounting the inherent technical challenges that come with building a system that includes a gas engine and two fans that provide the needed lift.

"Kada uzmete ljudi kroz filozofiju kako to radi - kao i svi dobri inovacije, to je komplikovano isporuke koji izgleda jednostavno - ne dobiju,"Kaže Coker. "Oni su dobili korisnost je, i svaki put kad idemo predstaviti negdje, neko također dolazi do nekih drugačiji način da ga koriste. "

The Next koncept uključuje autonomne mahuna da razgovaraju međusobno. Industrijski dizajner Tommaso Gecchelin koje Guardian s ovom prikazu.

Transportation innovations like the jetpacks are taking on a variety of other forms – some incremental, some groundbreaking.

Driverless car technology is one of the hottest sectors at the moment, with manufacturers from Ford to Mercedes-Benz making driverless tech plays. Sensors and assistive capabilities were also among the themes of the Intelligent Transportation Society of America’s Rethinking Transportation for the Next 30 Years summit in October in Washington DC.

Push prema autonomija je u srcu mnogih tekuće prevoza otkrića. U Teslinoj trećem kvartalu dioničar pismo pušten 3 Novembar, kompanija je napisao da, "Naši klijenti vozili svoje automobile skoro 250 kilometara u ovom kvartalu, za ukupno gotovo 1,5 milijardi kilometara do danas. "Tesla, pismo ide na, se raduje dan "kada možemo reći koliko naši automobili prešao naših kupaca".

Takva budućnost je unaprijed zaključak da talijanski inženjer i industrijski dizajner Tommaso Gecchelin. He’s sketched out a modular concept he’s calling Sljedeći that features what are essentially electric pods that can connect and disconnect to other pods as needed, like some futuristic train that can start small and grow to expand, accordion-style.

“Based on our technology and user needs trends analysisit’s very likely that in the future we will see a revolutionary segmentation of the transportation market,” Gecchelin says. “On one side, human-driven cars will become like horses with the advent of motorized cars. Dakle, sportski automobil će postati istaknuti, dok gradskih automobila će postati manje željenom, dajući više prostora za inteligentne transportne sisteme koji će dati više koristan i ispunjavanje … putuju i migranata iskustvo. "

On predviđa njegov Sljedeći koncept kao više nego samo prigradskih model. To bi moglo udvostručiti kao sistem pružanja usluga, sa preduzećima iznajmljivanje ili posjedovanje mahune svoje i njihovo slanje natovarena robe kupcu dom.

Gecchelin kaže da je počeo razmišljati o rješenje orijentisan oko "posla, leisure and on-demand services [rather than] traffic optimization”. U trenutku, he’s looking for funding to allow the manufacture of a first fleet to demonstrate the concept in the real world. He’s currently talks with a few German cities about potential partnerships.

“This is what robotics and self driving technologies will lead to,"Kaže on. “Intelligence and self driving unlock the possibility for vehicles to collaborate exactly like it happens with Next.”

Other than technical hurdles, jedan od najvećih prepreka koje stoje na putu od takvih inovacija je status quo. Gotovo 17m novih vozila će se prodavati i pogodio puteva u SAD-u ove godine - vozila koja neće uskoro biti napušten za radikalno novi način da s jednog mjesta na sljedeći.

Elio Motors radi na poboljšanju automobil sa tri točka, Motocikl-kao koncept. Kompanija je dao Guardian sa ovim promotivni spot.

U pokušaju da se inovacije u skladu sa statusom quo, Paul Elio frames the utility of his company’s flagship vehicle to something like the iPad. In the same way the tablet hasn’t proven to be a PC killer but instead complements users’ existing range of devices, Elio sees his company’s vehicle as something like the iPad of a customer’s garage. Phoenix-based Elio Motors is taking orders now for its three-wheeled, motorcycle-like vehicle that gets 84 miles to the gallon and which it plans to release next year with an affordable $6,800 price tag.

"Mislim da je nešto ovako mora da se desi,"Kaže Elio, čija je kompanija već ima više od 47,000 Rezervacije za svoje vozilo. "Živio sam u New Yorku za oko godinu i po dana, i ja tamo volio metroa. Kada imate taj broj stanovnika, masovnog tranzita radova.

"Za ostatak zemlje, Naravno da nam je bilo potrebno da se sruši sve predgrađa i stvaraju velike populacije centrima ili smisliti efikasniji način da se iz predgrađa do bi centri u kojima radimo. "

Elio’s prototype product is technically classified as a motorcycle, but it comes with amenities like power windows, air conditioning, air bags and power lock doors, all in an enclosed body. The vehicles will be produced by Elio in Shreveport, Louisiana, at a former General Motors production facility.

“It’s got to be low-cost and high-mileage – it’s got to be both of those to work,"Kaže on. “This is an ‘and’ choice, not an ‘or’ choice. So the concept is you buy the big vehicle for the reason you bought it, and you have an Elio too. Voziš Elio na posao, i subotu izvadiš SUV-a. "

Elio je rekao da je odlučio da pokrene svoju kompaniju i izgraditi svoj jedinstveni vozila nakon žive kroz ekonomski šok 2008 - Pored svoje uvjerenje da je automobil poslovno-dilera zasnovan je jedan od "nesportsko ponašanje" i ekonomija koje nisu u korist pojedinca. Jedna od stvari je brzo naučio kako je krenuo o pokretanju Elio Motors je da neke stvari su puna poteškoća za poduzetnika kao pokušavaju pokrenuti novi automobil društvo.

“There are more barriers to entry in this space than anything else I’m aware of,” Elio says. “If you take Tesla out of the discussion, the last time somebody created a successful car company in America that’s still running was Walter P Chrysler in 1925.”

Back during the recession, when “the price of oil was going through the roof”, Elio says he became “pissed off seeing the wealth pouring out of this country”.

“I said, I want to build a $5,000 car that gets 65 miles per gallon,” he recalls. “I had no data to back that up. Počeli smo sa radom problem. I dalje mislim da je $5,000 auto bi bila seksi broj. Ali, kao što je arhitektura počela razvijati i počeli smo sastanak sa dobavljačima i dobivanje cijene, shvatili smo da to nije moglo puno karakteristika koje bi ljudi očekivali. "

On smatra da auto maloprodajni poslovanje treba da se promijeni u, jer trgovci nisu transparentni s troškovima automobila i financiranja.

"Mislim da je jedan od najvećih problema je poslovni model je slomljena,"Kaže Elio, who says he’s dreamed about owning a car company with his name on it since he was a young boy. “The purchase of a car is such an enormous game, which is why we have the $6,800 figure. If you know what you want and there’s no financing issue, it shouldn’t take you five hours to buy a vehicle.”

The XTI Aircraft concept features vertical takeoff and landing, which could eliminate the need for airports, according to founder David Brody. XTI provided the Guardian with this product rendering.

The year after Elio started his company, Denver-based David Brodi je krenete niz svoj put. Njegov startup, XTI aviona, je razvio koncept za šest sjedala poslovni jet koji leti kao normalna putnički avion, ali s twist - on također skida i zemljišta vertikalno.

Trifan kompanije 600 jet koristi tri Ducted navijača za vertikalno poletanje. Sekundi nakon polijetanja, dva ventilatora krilo r otate naprijed prebaciti u horizontalni let. A ventilator montiran na trup zatvara. Kada dođe vrijeme da se spusti, proces igra u obrnutom.

XTI claims the aircraft will be the first long-range vertical-takeoff commercial airplane. Other companies are also developing vertical-takeoff technology. In June, Boeing demonstrated a near-vertical takeoff of a Dreamliner.

Brody got a spark of inspiration about a decade ago when his son was 10 years old and brought home an issue of Time magazine. He recalls it included an article about an entrepreneur trying to develop a mini jet that could take off and land vertically.

“That got me thinking,” Brody says. "Ako pogledate šta se dogodilo u proteklih nekoliko godina u smislu napretka u materijalima: imamo lakših materijala i imaju značajan napredak u mlazni motori. Ovaj jet ima dva motora turbovratilnih, plus napredak u kompjuterskoj tehnologiji omogućile su mnogo više upravljanja i stabilnosti aviona, kao i izbjegavanje sudara. Neki od vozača tehnologije automobil će vjerojatno igrati ulogu u avion u budućnosti. "

Brody believes that the future of the moderate commercial aircraft will be in vertical takeoff and landing. The technology would eliminate the cost of building and maintaining airports with long runways. It also could make flying even more accessible by creating air taxi services that pick you up not far from your home if not at your front door.

XCOR Lynx suborbital vehicles aims to take passengers on short trips to the edge of space. The company provided the Guardian with this promotional video rendering.

Krajnji Frontier za prijevoz poduzetnika, naravno, je od ovog svijeta. Sa sjedištem u Kaliforniji XCOR Aerospace je počela prodaja karata za letove na Lynx seriji suborbitne vozila, koja će se putnike i nosivosti na prostoru put do 330,000 noge koje traje manje od jednog sata.

Putnici će u suštini biti kopilot na put - jedini putnik na putovanju pored pilota. Kao takav, they’ll be given a “call sign” and will be able to view space through the Lynx cockpit canopy that affords an expansive view of space.

The vehicle is powered by reusable rocket engines that run on kerosene and liquid oxygen.

“At the core of what we’ve developed at XCOR is a fully reusable rocket engine,” says board member Michiel Mol. “That may not seem spectacular, but it actually is. Every other rocket out there is one-time use only. We have what we call instant reusability. Our engine can fly, touch down and go on.”

Kao takav, Lynx brod može, on kaže, odvesti putnike u suštini do granice prostora. XCOR predviđa pokretanje probne letove negdje idućeg ljeta i stavljajući ih u komercijalnu upotrebu šest do 12 mjeseci nakon toga, sa komercijalnim letovima koji počinju moguće u 2017.

Kompanija je već prodala nekoliko stotina karte, uglavnom za potrošače koji imaju strast za prostor. (I koji imaju novca za trošenje: karte su $100,000 po letu.)

"Mi vidimo svaki astronaut koji je bio na prostoru vratio nakon što je imao iskustvo života mijenja,"Kaže Mol. “Once you’re out there in the blackness of space, looking at this small blue planet with a bright green glow and a tiny layer of atmosphere around it, it looks so vulnerable from the outside. It makes you an ambassador for Earth itself.”

One of the commonalities that becomes apparent when talking to entrepreneurs like these is how they regard their ambitions as inevitabilities.

All of themand no doubt others in the transportation space – pregled statusa quo kada je u pitanju način na koji smo se odavde do tamo danas kao neodrživa, da se nešto mora promijeniti – i da jetpacks i suborbitne plovila su daleko manje od rizikuju nego radi ništa, ili što mali podešavanja na postojeće koncepte.

Mol kaže da je budućnost prevoza također uključuje ideje i dizajna mi vjerojatno ne možemo ni zamisliti danas, zbog potrebe tomorrowwill biti tako izvanredno.

"Mislim da je čovječanstvo uvijek pokušava da pronađe svoje granice i idemo dalje,"Rekao je. "Mislim da je u dalekoj budućnosti ćemo biti živi na više planeta kao vrsta. Ja sam uvjeren da je, da. Vjerojatno ne za našeg života, iako. "

 

 

 

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